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Which of the following IS TRUEregarding the meaning of the word angst?

A.the word carries the same meaning in both the English and German languages

B.to English speakers, angst means an extreme state of anxiety experiencedbecause of social isolation and loneliness

C.to German speakers, angst is equivalent to the term dread

D. to Germanspeakers, angst is a state of being with no known causes

When German speakers are having a difficult day “keeping it together”, theywould use which of the following words to describe this experience?

A.fear

B.anxiety

C. angst

D.sadness

Which of the following individuals connects to the term ‘emotionalintelligence’?

A.

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Goleman

B.Weschler

C.Sternberg

D.Ekman

Ricky is assess as having high emotional intelligence. This means he has:

A.skills and abilities that help him understand people from another culturalheritage

B. skills andabilities that help him process, understand, and regulate his emotions andthose of others

C.skills that help them problem solve

D.skills and abilities that help them to acquire language

Which of the following IS NOT a skill associated with emotionalintelligence?

A.experiencing love

B.negotiating conflict

C.being sensitive to others

D. expressing prideand anger

Emotions are:

A.objective responses to experiences in our environment

B. subjectiveresponses to experiences in our environment

C.physiological changes to experiences in our environment

D.behavioral changes to experiences in our environment

Which of the following statements aligned with the James-Lang theory ofemotion?

A.emotions are objective responses to experiences in our environment

B.emotional experiences are dependent upon physiological responses

C. emotionalexperiences are dependent upon physiological responses and how a personinterprets those responses

D.emotions are the result of an individual’s emotional intelligence

The James-Lang theory of emotion would predict that:

A. if your bloodpressure rises and you get red in the face you should experience anger

B.if your blood pressure rises and you get red in the face should experiencehappiness

C.if your blood pressure rises and you interpret this behavior positively youwill experience happiness

D.if your blood pressure rises and you get red in the face not all individualswill experience anger

Which of the following statements aligned with the Two Factor theory ofemotion?

A.emotions are objective responses to experiences in our environment

B.emotional experiences are dependent upon physiological responses

C. emotionalexperiences are dependent upon physiological responses and how a personinterprets those responses

D.emotions are the result of an individual’s emotional intelligence

The Two Factor Theory of emotions would predict that:

A.emotional responses are universal

B.if your heartbeats rapidly because you have to speak in public, you willexperience fear

C. situational andcontextual factors shape our interpretations of our emotional experience

D. cognitiveinterpretation has no place in emotional experience

The term emoting refers to:

A.emotional intelligence

B.the universal experience of emotion

C.the cultural specific experience of emotion

D. the embeddednessof emotions and social relationships

The phrase “acting in context” connects to which of the following concepts:

A.emotional intelligence

B.the James-Lange theory of emotions

C. emoting

D.the Two Factor theory of emotions

Which of the following is an example of emoting in infancy?

A. an infant smiles at a caregiver and the caregiver continues playing with the infant

B. anewborn cries because he or she is tired

C.newborn laughs at a social stimulus

D. acaregiver feeds and infant who is hungry

In early childhood, children learn about their emotions through all of thefollowing EXCEPT:

A.observing adults

B.conversations with adult partners

C.childrearing practices

D. their intuitivethinking about the world

All of the following shape emoting EXCEPT:

A.gender roles

B.culture

C.power

D. language

In societies that value the connectedness of individuals, shame is an emotionalresponse that encourages the development of all of the following EXCEPT:

A. failure

B.humility

C.obedience

D.interdependency

Mesquita’sview of emoting parallels which of the following views?

A.emotions are subjective responses

B.emotions are objective responses

C.culture in mind

D. culture and mindmutually constitute one another

Among the Tamang, shame connects to:

A. humility

B.anger

C.dominance

D.weakness

The same emotion may not have the same function or meaning in differentcultural communities. Among the Brahmans, shame connects to:

A.humility

B.anger

C.dominance

D. weakness

In their work, Cole and colleagues found that parent interactions with youngchildren were dependent upon emotions and cultural values. When Tamang childrenexpressed shame, parents responded by:

A.punishing the child

B.teasing the child

C.showing disproval

D. showing the childhow to express this emotion in appropriate ways

In their work, Cole and colleagues found that parent interactions with youngchildren were dependent upon emotions and cultural values. When Braham childrenexpressed shame, parents responded by:

A.punishing the child

B.teasing the child

C. ignoring thechild

D.showing the child how to express this emotion in appropriate ways

In their work, Cole and colleagues found that parent interactions with youngchildren were dependent upon emotions and cultural values. When Braham childrenexpressed anger, parents responded by:

A.punishing the child

B.teasing the child

C.showing approval

D.showing the child how to express this emotion in appropriate ways

The cultural psychologist, Richard Shweder suggests one way to understandemotions is to:

A.observe emotional responses in people’s daily social interactions

B. break emotionsinto smaller parts to compare these parts across cultural communities

C.study the connection between physiological activity and emotional responses

D.study the connection between emotions and social relationships

In his work on the “Expression of emotions in man and animals” Darwin arguedthat:

A. emotionalexpressions are innate, inherited characteristics

B. humansand non-human primates use different facial expressions to convey similaremotions

C.humans and non-human primates communicate emotions in different ways

D.there was no need to attend to variability in emotional expression

In one of the first study on emotions, Darwin used:

A.real participants to convey emotional expression

B. a single blindstudy

C.electrical stimulation to move participants’ facial muscles

D.both human and non-human participants

Guillame Duchenne was studying emotional expression by electrically stimulatingpeoples’ facial movements. Duchenne believed our face had the ability todisplay 60 basic universal emotions. Which individual challenged Duchenne’sfindings?

A. Darwin

B.Ekman

C.Izard

D.Matsumoto

Which of the following IS NOT true regarding Darwin’s research onemotions?

A.his finding suggested there are only several universal emotions

B.he used a double blind study

C.he used visual stimuli like photographs to show his participants

D. he studied conductedresearch in several different cultural communities

What commonality was present in Darwin, Ekman, and Izard’s emotion research?

A.they all used a single blind study

B.they all electrically stimulated facial movements

C. they all used photographsof posed individuals displaying facial expressions

D.they all studied numerous cultural communities

Which of the following WAS NOT a limitation of Ekman and Friesen’s crosscultural research on emotions?

A.not all participants viewed photographs, some heard a story

B.literate participants received a list of emotions terms only in English

C.they relied on still photographs

D. they studiednumerous cultural communities on different continents

Matsumoto and Willingham explored which of the following research questionswith sighted and blink atheletes?

A.do we use our face to communicate emotions

B.is there a universal set of emotions

C.are emotional expressions culturally variable

D. is there abiological basis to our ability to communicate emotions through facialexpressions

Which researchers designed the Facial Action Coding System?

A. Ekman and Friesen

B.Darwin

C.Matsumoto and Willingham

D.Izard and Ekman

If you are experiencing success and feeling superior to other peers, you aremost likely experiencing which type of emotion?

A.socially engaging negative emotion

B.socially engaging positive emotion

C. sociallydisengaging positive emotion

D.socially disengaging negative emotion

If have just become a member of an athletic team and experiencing a sense ofbelonging and friendliness. You will most likely experience which type ofemotion?

A.socially engaging negative emotion

B. sociallyengaging positive emotion

C.socially disengaging positive emotion

D.socially disengaging negative emotion

You disappointed your caregivers when you did not behave appropriately at afamily dinner. You experienced guilt at that moment. Guilt is which type ofemotion?

A.socially disengaging negative emotion

B.socially engaging positive emotion

C.socially disengaging positive emotion

D. sociallyengaging negative emotion

In communities that support an interdependent self, socially engaging emotionsreinforce which of the following cultural value?

A.self-expression

B.independence

C. social harmony

D.uniqueness

In their work, Kitayama, Mesquita, and Karasawa explored how people experienceemotion in daily social situations. Their findings connect emotions, the self,cultural values, and well-being. They found that:

A.Japanese participants experienced more socially disengaging emotions

B. Americanparticipants experienced more socially disengaging emotions

C.Japanese participants experienced more negative socially disengaging emotions

D.American participants experienced less positive socially disengaging emotions

Cultural affordance relates to:

A.emotional intelligence

B.being sensitive to individuals from other cultural heritages

C. the ability ofcultural settings to evoke particular emotional responses

D.cultural variability in universal emotion expression

Ego-focused emotions relate to:

A. personalattributes, goals, wants, and needs

B.other people’s needs and wants

C.external traits and abilities

D.physical and social settings

Michaela is angry because she was not able to get tickets to her favoritereality show. Anger is which type of emotion?

A.socially engaging negative emotion

B.socially engaging positive emotion

C. ego-focusedemotion

D.other focused emotion

Helena lives in a home with caregivers who want her to acquire autonomy andself-expression. It is likely that her caregivers will use socializationpractice that reinforce which type of emotions?

A.socially engaging negative emotion

B.socially engaging positive emotion

C. ego-focusedemotion

D.other focused emotion

Danica lives in a home with caregivers who want her to acquire a connectednessto others and social harmony. It is likely that her caregivers will usesocialization practice that reinforce which type of emotions?

A.socially disengaging positive emotion

B.socially disengaging negative emotion

C.ego-focused emotion

D. other focusedemotion

For a person with an independent self, which of the following emotions is bothego focused and socially engaging?

A.guilt

B.shame

C. pride

D.humility

In people with an independent self, which emotion is likely to increaseself-esteem?

A. asense of belonging

B. pride

C.shame

D.anger

Which of the following IS TRUE regarding the connection between emotion,cultural values, and interdependent self-construals?

A.pride is a desirable emotion in many social situations

B.anger is a desirable emotion in many social situations

C. humility is adesirable emotion in many social situations

D. suppressingpride is never desirable

Cultural models:

A. help us makesense of our feelings, thoughts, and actions

B.help us imitate adult role models

C.help us acquire language

D.help us learn particular skills

Which cultural value would caregiver socialization practices reinforce inindividualistic emotional competence models?

A.humility

B.self-expression

C.sensitivity to others

D.conformity

Which cultural value would caregiver socialization practices reinforce inrelational emotional competence models?

A.humility

B.self-expression

C.uniqueness

D.pride

Lelani lives in a household that values sensitivity to others andinterdependency. In the relational emotional competence model, her caregiverswould most likely:

A. provide her withopportunities to learn these values

B.ignore her when she displays negative emotions

C.provide support when she displays negative emotions

D.use indirect teaching approaches

Alexandra lives in a household that values autonomy and self-expression. In anindividualistic emotional competence model, her caregivers would most likely:

A.provide her with opportunities to learn these values

B. ignore her whenshe displays negative emotions

C.provide support when she displays emotions such as anger and pride

D.use direct teaching approaches

In her work, Briggs discovered that Inuit caregivers and adults use aparticular activity to help their children learn culturally appropriateemotional responses. It is:

A.learning how to sew

B. learninghow to cook

C. playful questionand answering sessions

D.learning how to hunt

Freud believed pretend play for children functioned to help children:

A.express feelings and impulses through symbols

B.enjoy an altered state of reality where they could practice emotions

C. reduce anxietyand cope with real life problems

D.develop cognitive and social skills

The anthropologist, Gregory Bateson believed pretend play for childrenfunctioned to help children:

A.express feelings and impulses through symbols

B. enjoy an alteredstate of reality where they could practice emotions

C.reduce anxiety and cope with real life problems

D.develop cognitive and social skills

In their cross-cultural work on children’s pretend play, Gaskins and Millerexplored the relationship between play and culture. They found that:

A.European American caregivers did not value children’s play

B.Yucatec Mayan caregivers were their children’s play partners

C. Yucatec Mayanchildren often played alone

D.European American children often contributed to their family’s well-beingthrough chores

In their cross-cultural work on children’s pretend play, Gaskins and Millerexplored the relationship between play and culture. They found that:

A.European American caregivers did not value children’s play

B.Yucatec Mayan caregivers made sure their children had time for play

C. Yucatec Mayanchildren played in large mixed aged grcouchsurfingcook.coms

D.European American caregivers structured their children’s play

Which of the following IS TRUE regarding the pretend play of Yucatec andEuropean American children in Gaskins and Miller’s cross cultural study?

A.Yucatec Mayan children used fantasy for emotional expression in pretend play

B. emotionalexpression in Yucatec Mayan pretend play reflected real life emotionalresponses

C.European American children never used fantasy as a reference for emotionalexpression in pretend play

D.European American children never used bedtime story material as a reference foremotional expression in pretend play

Gaskins and Miller’s cross-cultural study on children’s play suggested that:

A.European American children rarely display anger in their pretend play

B.Yucatec children often pretend play in solitude

C.pretend play helps Mayan children work through their emotional needs

D. emotionalexpression in pretend play connects to cultural values and real life socialinteractions

Which of the following IS NOT true regarding cultural display rules?

A.prescriptions for how we manage, adjust, and express emotions

B. most likelyinnate

C.context dependent

D.similar to gender roles

The Display Rule Assessment Inventory (DRAI) measures:

A.emotional expression

B.facial muscle movement

C.cultural competence

D. behavioral responsesto emotional experience

In their 30 nation cross-cultural study using the DRAI to explore theconnection between cultural worldviews and the universality of emotionaldisplay rules, Matsumoto and colleagues found all the following EXCEPT:

A.most countries scored similarly on controlling emotions

B.in-grcouchsurfingcook.com member emotional expression was preferred over out-grcouchsurfingcook.com members

C.collectivist nations were more likely to favor control of emotions

D. emotionalcontrol does not follow universal standards of behavior

What was one important finding from Matusmoto and colleagues 30 nationcross-cultural study using the DRAI to explore the connection between culturalworldviews and the universality of emotional display rules?

A.there was a great deal of variability for controlling emotions

B. emotionalprocessing and expressing emotions connects to cultural values and worldviews

C.individualistic nations were more likely to favor control of emotions

D.emotional control does not follow universal standards of behavior

Among the Oriya in India, Lajya is a culturally mediated emotion similarto:

A.anger

B.happiness

C. shame

D.sadness

In the Oriya worldview, lajya is a positive emotion because it connectsto:

A.pride

B.anger

C. cultural valuesof humility and respect

D.cultural values of autonomy and self-expression

In communities that support an interdependent self:

A.happiness connects to individual achievement

B.happiness connects to being the best

C. happiness connectsto the relationships people have with others

D.happiness connects to uniqueness

Which of the following IS NOT true regarding self-regulation?

A.it involves your ability to adjust your behavior to meet situational demands

B.it involves controlling one’s emotions

C.it involves paying attention

D.

See more: Where Warm Waters Halt Meaning, Where Warm Waters Halt: Findingfennsgold

it is not culturedependent

In one cross-cultural study on self-regulation Boyer discovered all thefollowing EXCEPT:

A.parents believed preschool should be an extension of the home

B.parents believed teachers should reinforce family values at preschool

C.parents believed the child’s native language was useful in teaching childrenself-regulation

D. parents believedteachers were better role models than caregivers

Morling and Kitayama suggest the self shares its actions, thoughts, andfeelings with others. For the interdependent self, the goal of self-regulationconnects to:

A. pursuing goalsthat help the self adjust to the needs of others

B.pursuing goals that foster self-esteem

C.pursuing goals that foster independence

D.pursuing goals that foster personal interests

Emotion regulation relates to:

A. how we adjustour emotional experiences in particular situations

B.how we adjust our behavior to particular situations

C.how we process, manage, and adjust our emotions

D.how we learn to act in context

Which of the following IS TRUE regarding the connection between culturalvalues, cultural models of the self, and emotion?

A.The independent self experiences shame when it fails to meet caregiversexpectations

B.The independent self strives to do well to bring honor and integrity to itsin-grcouchsurfingcook.com

C. Shame motivatesthe interdependent self to persevere at difficult tasks

D.The interdependent self openly expresses anger and pride

Language is important to helping us communicate our feelings. In Fijian Hindi,the term bhaw translates as:

A.anger

B.love

C.pride

D. feelings

Cultural discourse shapes the affect people feel and communicate to others. Inthe Awlad ‘Ali worldview which of the following shapes the way people behave,interpret, and communicate their feelings?

A.humility