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Portrait of Antonio Vivaldi, ca. 1723

Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741) and also Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750) are currently thought the as two pillars that the Baroque era, yet when they to be both alive, just Vivaldi was commonly known. Vivaldi’s music to be published and performed transparent Europe. Even Bach significantly admired his music, transcribing and orchestrating fairly a few of Vivaldi’s violin concertos for various other instruments.

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First page of Bach’s 1714–1716 autograph of BWV 596, his body organ transcription the Vivaldi’s twin violin concerto Op. 3 №11.

From the minute Le quattro stagione (The four Seasons) was published in Amsterdam in 1725 castle were recognized to a large audience. These four violin concertos, in addition to eight extr concertos, were released under the title, Il cimento dell’armonia e dell’inventione (The Contest between Harmony and Invention) Op. 8, and also have remained exceptionally popular due to the fact that then. Here are 6 of the various other concertos in Op. 8.

Il cimento dell’armonia e dell’inventione, Op. 8 Nos. 7–12


However, among the points that truly set The 4 Seasons except the various other concertos in his Opus 8 is something couple of people acquire to suffer in modern-day day performances or room even conscious exists. For each of the seasons, over there is one accompanying sonnet, which was composed most likely by Vivaldi himself. These sonnets beautifully explain each season the the year, and also the music perfectly synchronizes to this sonnets, do The four Seasons one that the very first examples that program music, music that has a details extra-musical meaning.

Please review the sonnet first before listening come the accompanying concerto.

Spring

Allegro Springtime is upon us. The bird celebrate she return through festive song, and murmuring streams space softly caressed through the breezes. Thunderstorms, those heralds of Spring, roar, casting their dark mantle end heaven, climate they dice away to silence, and the birds take it up their charming songs once more.

Largo top top the flower-strewn meadow, v leafy branches rustling overhead, the goat-herd sleeps, his faithful dog next to him.

Allegro Led by the festive sound of rustic bagpipes, nymphs and shepherds lightly dance in ~ the excellent canopy that spring.


Spring

Summer

Under a tough season, fired up by the sun Languishes man, languishes the flock and also burns the pine we hear the cuckoo’s voice; then sweet song of the turtledove and finch room heard. Soft breezes line the air, yet threatening the phibìc Wind sweeps them all of sudden aside. The shepherd trembles, fearing violent storms and his fate.

Adagio e piano — Presto e forte The are afraid of lightning and also fierce thunder Robs his worn down limbs of rest As gnats and flies buzz furiously around.

Presto Alas, his fears were justified The Heavens thunder and roar and also with hail reduced the head off the wheat and also damages the grain.


Summer

Autumn

Celebrates the peasant, with songs and dances, The pleasure of a bountiful harvest. And also fired increase by Bacchus’ liquor, numerous end their revelry in sleep.

Adagio molto everyone is made come forget their cares and to sing and also dance by the wait which is tempered with pleasure and also (by) the season the invites so many, countless Out of their sweetest slumber to fine enjoyment

Allegro The hunters arise at the brand-new dawn, and with horns and also dogs and also guns depart ~ above their searching The beast flees and also they monitor its trail; Terrified and also tired that the an excellent noise the guns and dogs, the beast, wounded, endangers Languidly come flee, but harried, dies.


Autumn

Winter

To tremble from cold in the icy snow, In the harsh breath of a horrid wind; to run, stamping one’s feet every moment, Our teeth chattering in the too much cold

Largo before the fire to pass peaceful, Contented days while the rain exterior pours down.

Allegro us tread the icy route slowly and also cautiously, for fear of tripping and also falling. Then rotate abruptly, slip, crash ~ above the soil and, rising, hasten on throughout the ice lest it crack up. We feel the chill phibìc winds course v the home despite the locked and bolted doors… this is winter, which nonetheless brings its very own delights.

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Winter

And i leave girlfriend with one of the many daring and also imagined performances I’ve ever seen — A staged version of The four Seasons through the violinist, Midori Seiler, and also the amazing ensemble, Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin.