The an initial phase of meiosis I. During prophase i the replicated chromosomes condense, homologous chromsomes pair up, crossing over occurs in between homologous chromosomes, the spindle is formed, and the atom envelope breaks apart right into vesicles. Prophase ns is the longest phase of meiosis.

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The 2nd phase that meiosis I. Throughout metaphase ns the paired homologous chromsomes (tetrads) align at the facility of the cell (the metaphase plate).
The 3rd phase that meiosis I. The replicated homologous chromosomes are separated (the tetrad is split) and pulled come opposite political parties of the cell.
The fourth of meiosis I. The variety of chromosoms is now reduced by half. After ~ this step the cabinet is taken into consideration to be haploid. Note however, the the chromosomes are still replicated, and also the sisters chromatids should still it is in separated during meiosis II.
The third phase that meiosis II. Throughout anaphase II the sisters chromatids are finally spearated at their centromeres and puled come opposite political parties of teh cell. Note that anaphase II is similar to mitotic anaphase, excep the number of chromosmes was lessened by half during meiosis I.
Why is it essential that meiosis to produce gametes that have actually only fifty percent the number of chromosomes the the parent cell?
Gametes need half the number of chromosomes as a body cell because they will fuse with each other to form the zygote. The zygote will then have actually the correct variety of chromosomes.
The reassortment of genetic information, which results in variation among organisms, is referred to as ______ ________.

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The _____ created by each parent are displayed along the sides of a Punnett square.a. Zygotes c. Gametesb. Offspring d. Hybrids
The passing on of properties from parental to offspring is dubbed _____.a. Genetics c. Inbreedingb. Heredity d. Gene splicing
In cross over, genetic information is exchanged between homologous chromosomes. This exchange creates brand-new combinations that genes, leading to increased hereditary variation in the offspring.
members that a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during the formation of gametes and are distributed to different gametes so the every gamete receives just one member of the pair
Mendelian rule stating that genes for different traits room inherited individually of every other
Purple flower (P) are dominant to white flower (p). Provide the phenotype because that each genotype detailed below.a. PPb. Ppc. Pp
A dihybrid cross in between two heterozygous parents produces a phenotypic proportion of __________.a. 3:1b. 1:2:1c. 9:3:3:1
A monohybrid cross in between two heterozygous parents produces a phenotypic ratio of __________.a. 3:1b. 1:2:1c. 9:3:3:1
error in meiosis in which homologous chromosomes don"t separate; gametes finish up with wrong variety of chromosomes
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