6gr Science Ch 1 Classifying 3 and 4

QuestionAnswer
Biologists use _____ to organize living things intogroups so that the organisms are easier to study.

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classification
In the 4th Century BC, ___ classified all animals into oneof three groups: ___, ___, ___. Although these groups are no longer used, Aristotle’s methods of careful ___ and creating subgroups are still used today. Aristotle, those that fly, those that swim, and thosewalk, crawl, or run, observation
In the 1750s, Carolus Linnaeus developed ____. binomial nomenclature
Binomial nomenclature names all organisms by the ___. The genus contains closely related organisms. The species are organisms within the genus that can produce ___ together. genus and species, offspring
Binomial nomenclature uses ___ words. The genus iscapitalized. Both words are _____. A house cat is writtenFelis domesticus in binomial nomenclature. Latin, italicized
Binomial nomenclature makes it easy for scientists tocommunicate about an organism because everyone uses thesame ___ for the same organism. name
Organisms are classified into ____ levels based on similar____. The seven levels are: kingdom, ____, class, ____, family, genus, species (King Philip came over for gardening shears). seven, characteristics, phylum, order
In 1859, Charles ____ hypothesized that species can gradually change over time to form a new ____. This is the process of _____. Darwin, species, evolution
Due to evolution, species with similar ____ historiesare classified more closely together. evolutionary
Scientists get information about the evolutionary history of aspecies in four ways: studying ____, comparing ____ structures, comparing the early development of a species, andthe chemical makeup of ____. fossils, body, cells
Organisms are placed into kingdoms based on ____, ____, ____. their type of cells, their ability to make food, and the number of cells in their bodies.
Kingdoms and their characteristics: Archaebacteria Prokaryotes, Either Autotrophic or Heterotrophic and Unicellular
Kingdoms and their characteristics: Eubacteria Prokaryotes, Either Autotrophic or Heterotrophic and Unicellular
Kingdoms and their characteristics: Protists Eukaryotes, Either Autotrophic or Heterotrophic and Either Multicellular or Unicellular
Kingdoms and their characteristics: Fungi Eukaryotes, Heterotrophic and Either Multicellular or Unicellular
Kingdoms and their characteristics: Plants Eukaryotes, Autotrophic and Multicellular
Kingdoms and their characteristics: Animals Eukaryotes, Heterotrophic and Multicellular
Unlike all other kingdoms, _____ live in regionswithout oxygen.

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archaebacteria
Archaebacteria and eubacteria are separated because theirchemical makeup is ____. different