c. grouping organisms according to their characteristics and evolutionary history

d. studying reproductive mechanisms and gene flow

Definition c. grouping organisms according to their characteristics and evolutionary history
Term

As we move through the biological hierarchy from the kingdom to species level, organisms

a. vary more and more

b. are less and less related to eachother

c. become more similar in appearance

d. always are members of the same order

Definition c. become more similar in appearance
Term

A mushroom is difficult to classify in Linnaus"s two kingdowm classification system because

a. it has another common name- the toadstool

b. it doesn"t seem to fit into either kingdom

c. mushrooms had not yet evolved in Linnaus"s time.

You are watching: An order is subdivided into several _____

d. all of the above

Definition b. it doesn"t seem to fit into either kingdom
Term

Which of the following was not a consideration for Carolus Linnaeus when he developed his system of nomenclature of organisms?

a. it should include detailed descriptions of an organisms in its name

b. it should assign each organism a unique name

c. it should assign names in a language recognised worldwide

d. it should enable scientists to classify organisms according to their presumed evolutionary relationships to other organisms.

Definition d. it should enable scientists to classify organisms according to their presumed evolutionary relationships to other organisms.
Term

Which of the following scientists developed the system of classifying organisms by assigning them a genus and species name?

a. Leakey

b. Aristotle

c. Darwin

d. Linnaeus

Definition D. Linnaeus
Term

The organsim Quercus phellos is a member of the genus

a. plantae

b. phellos

c. quercus

d. protista

Definition c. quercus
Term

Poison ivy is also known as Rhus toxicodendron. its species identifier is

a. poison

b. rhus

c. ivy

d. toxicodendron

Definition d. toxicodendron
Term

The red mape lis also known as acer rubrum. its scientific name is

a. red maple

b. acer

c. rubrum

d. acer rubrum

Definition d. acer rubrum
Term

The scientific name of an organism

a. varies according to the native language of scientists

b. is the same for scientists all over the world

c. may refer to more than one species

d. may have more than one genus name

Definition b. is the same for scientists all over the world
Term

Scientists don"t use the common names of organisms because

a. an organism may have more than one common name

b. common names are too ambiguous

c. an organism rarely has the same name in different languages

d. all of the above

Definition D. all of the above
Term

An organism can have

a. one genus name and one species identifier

b. one genus name and two species identifiers

c. two scientific names if it is found on different continents

d. two genus names but only one genus identifier

Definition a. one genus name and one species identifier
Term

Two organisms in the same class but different orders

a. are in different kingdoms

b. have the same genus name

c. are in the same phylum

d. are members of the same species

Definition c. are in the same phylum
Term

organisms in different genera

a. may share the second word of their scientific names

b. may be in the same family

c. may be in different orders

d. all of the above

Definition D. all of the above
Term

Two organisms in the same order but different families may

a. be more similar than two organisms in different classes

b. be in the same class

c. have the same species identifier

d. all of the above

Definition d. all of the above
Term

Kingdoms are divided into phyla and each phylum is divided into

a. families

b. classes

c. orders

d. genera

Definition b. classes
Term

THe correct order of the biological hierarchy from kingdom to species is

a. kingdom, class, family, order, phylum, genus and species

b. kingdom, phylum, order, family, class, genus, species

c. kingdom, phylum, class, orger, family, genus, species

d. kingdom, class, order, phylum, family, genus, species

Definition

c. kingdom, phylum, class, orger, family, genus, species

{kings play chess on fine green silk}

Term

The lowest hierarchy level in biological classification is the

a. genus

b. species

c. family

d. order

Definition b. species
Term

which of the following is the least inclusive in the classification group?

a. class

b. genus

c. phylum

d. species

Definition d. species
Term

quercus rubra: quercus phellos::

a. anolis carolinensis: parus carolinensis

b. erithacus rubicula: turdus mirgatoria

c. aphis pomi: aphis gossypii

d. carp: goldfish

Definition c. aphis pomi: aphis gossypii
Term

class: family::

a. order: phylum

b. genus: class

c. species: genus

d. phylum: order

Definition d. phylum: order
Term

today, biologists classify organisms by their

a. physical similarities

b. chemical similarites

c. behavioral similarities

d. all of the above

Definition D. all of the above
Term

phylogenetic trees depict

a. known evolutionary relationships between organisms

b. presumed evolutionary relationships based on physical features only

c. only living organisms

d. presumed evolutionary relationships based on a variety of types of evidence

Definition d. presumed evolutionary relationships based on a variety of types of evidence
Term

The DNA sequences of two species of sharks would

a. be more similar than the DNA sequences of a shark and dolphin

b. show no discernible differences

c. be very close to the DNA sequences of a dolphin

d. indicate how the sharks evolved

Definition a. be more similar than the DNA sequences of a shark and dolphin
Term

Which of the following is/are used in systematic taxonomy to classify organisms

a. patterns of embryological development

b. homologous features

c. amino acid sequences of proteins

d. all of the above

Definition D. all of the above
Term

A branching diagram used for taxonomy is called a

a. phenetic tree

b. cladogram

c. family tree

d. homology

Definition b. cladogram
Term

Nearly all single celled eukaryotes that are either heterotrophic or photosynthetic belong to the kingdom

a. animalia

b. fungi

c. plantae

d. protista

Definition D. protista
Term

most multicellular, nucleated autotrophs that carry on photosynthesis belong to the kingdom

a. animalia

b. eubacteria

c. fungi

d. plantae

Definition d. plantae
Term

multicellular, nucleated heterotrophs that always obtain food by absorbin nutrients from the environment belong to the kingdom

a. animalia

b. eubacteria

c. fungi

d. plantae

Definition C. fungi
Term

an organism that breaks down organic matter, which it then absorbs, is in the kingdom

a. fungi

b. plantae

c. animalia

d. protista

Definition A. fungi
Term

simple, non nucleated organisms that use hydrogen to produce methane are in the domain

a. archaea

b. bacteria

c. eukarya

d. none of the above

Definition a. archaea
Term

the kingdom defined as including any eukaryotes that aren"t plants animals or fungi is the kingdom

a. protista

b. plantae

c. animalia

d. fungi

Definition a. protista
Term

carl woese proposed the three domain system of classification based on the examination of

a. embryos

b. fossils

c. ribosomal RNA

d. organism"s physical features

Definition c. ribosomal RNA
Term

the three domain system of classification is based on similarities and differences in ___, while the six kingdom system is based on similarities and differences in ___.

a. DNA; DNA, fossils, embryological development, and physical features

b. DNA; embyrological development, fossils, physical features and RNA

c. ribosomal RNA; embryological development, fossils, physical features, and various molecular structures

d. physical features; embryological development, fossils, physical features, and various molecular structures

Definition c. ribosomal RNA; embryological development, fossils, physical features, and various molecular structures
Term Aristotle classified plants on the basis of differences in their________.
Definition stems
Term the science of naming and classifying organisms is called _________.
Definition taxonomy
Term ____________ devised the two name system of naming organisms.
Definition Linnaeus
Term biologists of Linnaeus"s time classified every living thing as either plant or ______
Definition animal
Term a genus is subdivided into smaller groups called _____
Definition species
Term each kind of organism on earth is assigned a unique two word __________
Definition scientific name
Term all scientific names are made up of two words that are often derived from the _______ language
Definition latin
Term the first word of a scientific name indicates the ______ to which the organism belongs
Definition genus
Term a kingdom is divided into phyla when animals are being classified or into ________ when plants are being classifed.
Definition division
Term the evolutionary history of a species is called its ___________________.
Definition phylogenetics
Term eukaryotic organisms that lack specialized tissue systems are members of the kingdom___________
Definition protista
Term corals, spiders, and rodents all belong to the kingdom _______________.

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Definition animalia
Term the domains of the three domain system of classification are archaea, bacteria, and ________.
Definition eukarya
Term the variety of organisms at all taxonomic levels is called
Definition differed
Term cladistics uses shared and _________ characters to group taxa
Definition derived