Start with a free body diagram. There are three forces acting on the sphere: gravity pulling the sphere down, buocouchsurfingcook.comncy pushing the sphere up, and tension pulling the sphere down.

You are watching: A sphere completely submerged in water is tethered

Applying Newton"s second law:

∑F = ma

B - W - T = ma

Since the sphere isn"t accelerating, a = 0.

B - W - T = 0

B = W + T

We know that the tension is one-fourth the weight:

B = W + W/4

B = 5/4 W

B = 5/4 mg

Buocouchsurfingcook.comnt force is defined as:

B = ρVg,

where ρ is the density of the fluid, V is the displaced volume, and g is acceleration of gravity.

ρVg = 5/4 mg

ρV = 5/4 m

The mass of the sphere is equal to its density times its volume. Since the sphere is fully submerged, it"s volume is the same as the volume of the displaced water.

ρV = 5/4 ρₓV

ρ = 5/4 ρₓ

ρₓ = 4/5 ρ

So the density of the sphere is 4/5 the density of the water. Water"s density is 1000 kg/m³, so:

ρₓ = 4/5 (1000 kg/m³)

ρₓ = 800 kg/m³

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