You are watching: A(n) _____ is a specific member of a class.
The finish product that object-oriented analysis is an ______ _______, which to represent the details system in terms of objects and object-oriented concepts.
the ______ ________ ______ is a widely used method of visualizing and also documenting an details system
An ______ has specific attributes , i beg your pardon are qualities that explain the object. Because that example, if you very own a car, it has actually ________ such together make, model, and color. One object likewise has approaches , i m sorry are work or features that the object performs once it receives a __________ , or command, to perform so. For example, your vehicle performs a an approach called run WIPERS once you send a message by relocating the appropriate control. Figure 6-2 shows examples of attributes, methods, and also messages for a auto object.
A _____ is a team of similar objects. For example, Ford Fiestas belong come a course called CAR. One ________ is a certain member that a class. Your Ford Fiesta, therefore, is an instance of the auto class.
_______ thing with specific attributes such as name, age, sex, and hair color. If there space two parents, then there space two instances the the _______ object. The _______ object deserve to perform methods, such as reading a bedtime story, control the car pool van, or preparing a school lunch. When a _________ thing receives a message
Objects can have a details attribute called a _____ . The _______of an object is an adjective that describes the object"s present status. For example, relying on the state, a student have the right to be a future student, a current student, or a previous student.
A ________ defines specific tasks that an item can perform. Simply as objects are similar to nouns and attributes are similar to adjectives, _________ resemble verb that define what and also how things does something.
The same message to two different objects can create different results. The principle that a message offers different meanings to different objects is dubbed __________
You can view an object as a _____ ______ , due to the fact that a blog post to the thing triggers changes within the object without specifying just how the alters must be carried out. A gas pump is an instance of a ______ _____. Once you choose the economy grade in ~ a pump, you carry out not need to think about how the pump determines the correct price and selects the best fuel, as lengthy as that does for this reason properly.
The black box principle is an instance of _______ , which way that every data and also methods are self-contained. A black color box walk not desire or need outside interference. Through limiting accessibility to inner processes, an item prevents its internal code indigenous being changed by another object or process._________ allows objects come be provided as modular materials anywhere in the system, because objects send and also receive messages yet do not alter the inner methods of other objects.
An thing belongs come a group or classification called a ______. All objects within a ______ share typical attributes and also methods, therefore a class is favor a blueprint, or template for every the objects in ~ the class
Objects in ~ a course can it is in grouped right into ______ , i beg your pardon are much more specific categories in ~ a class. For example, van objects stand for a ______ within the car class, along with other subclasses dubbed CAR, MINIVAN, and SCHOOL BUS,
A course can belong come a much more general category called a _________ . Because that example, a NOVEL class belongs to a _______ called BOOK, due to the fact that all novels room books
___________ enable objects come communicate and interact as they perform organization functions and also transactions forced by the system. ________ describe what objects need to know around each other, how objects respond to changes in various other objects, and the impacts of membership in classes, superclasses, and subclasses
The strongest connection is referred to as _________. Which enables an object, referred to as a _____ , to have one or much more of its characteristics from one more object, referred to as a _____
A _____ __________represents the measures in a specific business function or process. An exterior entity, called an gibbs , initiates a _______ _______ by requesting the system to do a duty or process. Because that example, in a clinical office system, a patience (actor) have the right to MAKE meeting (use case),
A _________ ___________ _______documents the surname of the use case, the actor, a description of the usage case, a step-by-step perform of the tasks and actions compelled for successful completion, a summary of alternate courses the action, preconditions, postconditions, and also assumptions.
A _______ ________ _________ is a visual review of several related use situations within a system or subsystem. Think about a common auto organization department,
The _________ __________ mirrors what is contained in the device (inside the rectangle) and what is not contained in the device (outside the rectangle). ~ you recognize the _________ _______, you ar the use cases on the diagram, include the actors, and show the relationships
A ________ ________ mirrors the object classes and also relationships involved in a usage case. Favor a DFD, a course diagram is a reasonable model, i m sorry evolves right into a physics model and finally i do not care a functioning info system
The _______ ________ additionally includes a principle called cardinality , which defines how instances the one course relate to instances of an additional class. Because that example, one employee can have deserve no holidays days or one holidays day or many vacation days
A ________ _______ is a dynamic version of a usage case, mirroring the interaction amongst classes during a specified time period. A _________ __________ graphically documents the use case by mirroring the classes, the messages, and also the time of the messages.
A _________ is established by a small vertical form that consists the lifeline. The _______ shows when an object sends or obtain a message.
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A ________ __________ _________ shows how things changes indigenous one state to another, depending upon events that influence the object. All feasible states have to be recorded in the state shift diagram
An __________ ___________ resembles a horizontal flowchart that shows the actions and events as they occur. Activity diagrams show the bespeak in i beg your pardon the actions take place and identify the outcomes.
Computer Organization and Design MIPS Edition: The Hardware/Software Interface5th EditionDavid A. Patterson, man L. Hennessy