You are watching: A _____ is a gap between a desired state and an existing state.
Andrew must buy a brand-new office copier. The lists the functions the copier must have, such as a integrated scanner, color copying, and an automatic document feeder, along with how much he have the right to spend. Which action of the decision-making procedure does this represent?A.Identifying decision criteriaB.Identifying the problemC.Selecting one alternativeD.Developing alternativesE.Allocating weights to the criteria
Andrew goes come the office supply store and talks to a sales representative, who reflects him number of copiers the can meet his needs. Which action of the decision-making process does this represent?A.Selecting an alternativeB.Identifying the problemC.Identifying decision criteriaD.Developing alternativesE.Allocating weights to the criteria
What is the first step in the decision-making process?A.Analyze alternatives.B.Allocate weights come the decision criteria.C.Identify a problem.D.Develop alternatives.E.Identify decision criteria.
Factors that are vital or pertinent to solving a difficulty are described as _______.A.rulesB.heuristicsC.big dataD.decisionsE.decision criteria
After looking in ~ several copiers, Andrew decides to buy one. That knows other models can be available elsewhere, however he doesn"t have actually time come keep looking, and also the one the is buying appears to satisfy his needs. This is an instance of _______.A.maximizingB.evidence-based management (EBMgt)C.design thinkingD.satisficingE.escalation of commitment
The saying, "Throwing good money after bad," definition that you continue to rubbish money top top a losing proposition, best describes __________.A.design thinkingB.intuitive decision makingC.bounded rationalityD.satisficingE.escalation the commitment
__________ refers to the principle that plenty of managers absence the time and also the ability to procedure all that the alternatives to solve a problem.A.Rational decision making B.Intuition C.Heuristics D.Bounded rationality E.Design thinking
Heidi is the marketing manager at a large winery. The expensive advertisement campaign she planned has flopped so far, but instead of scrapping it and also trying something else, Heidi decides to invest more money in the campaign and run ads in even an ext publications. This is an example of ________.A.rational decision makingB.a linear thinking styleC.design thinkingD.escalation of appointment E.satisficing
Alicia is convinced that she deserve to tell more about a task applicant in a 5-minute interview than through pre-employment tests or reference checks and insists the her gut instincts are never wrong. Alicia is using _______.A.intuitive decision makingB.a linear thinking styleC.rational decision making D.evidence-based management (EBMgt) E.heuristics
The data-driven, systematic use of the best obtainable facts and information to enhance management practice is referred to as: A.bounded rationalityB.nonlinear thinking C.design reasoning D.evidence-based management (EBMgt)E.intuitive decision making
The office manager has to place another order because that copy paper, for this reason he check the office supply company"s website to check out if one of two people of his wanted brands is top top sale before placing the order. This is an example of a(n) _______.A.unstructured problemB.programmed decisionC.policyD.nonprogrammed decisionE.nonlinear reasoning style
Brandi"s Bakery has actually received its an initial major commercial order, and also the owner requirements to determine if she deserve to fill this order on her very own or if she needs to hire an employee. This is an example of _______. A.a procedureB.certaintyC.a programmed decision D.an unstructured problemE.satisficing
A sign in the college bookstore says that students can return a textbook just if that is still shrink-wrapped and also returned within the an initial 10 work of the semester. This is an example of a(n) _______. A.ruleB.unstructured trouble C.procedureD.policy E.nonprogrammed decision
Cashiers at the supermarket are permitted to adjust the price of things up to a preferably of $5.00 without gaining the manager"s approval. This would ideal be defined as a(n) _______.A.unstructured problemB.ruleC.policyD.procedureE.nonprogrammed decision
In order to make exchanges or return at a clothing retailer, customer service representatives have to follow one established series of steps, such together checking the receipt, inspecting the items for damage, and also issuing a keep credit. This is an instance of a(n) _______.A.ruleB.policyC.procedureD.unstructured problemE.nonprogrammed decision
A manager have the right to make the many accurate decision under a case of _______ since the result of every alternative is known. A.uncertainty B.risk C.certaintyD.probability E.ambiguity
Whenever Gabriela demands to book a hotel room in an unfamiliar city, she always stays in ~ a Marriott, because she"s familiar with the brand. This is an instance of ________. A.the randomness biasB.a procedure C.a rule D.a heuristicE.the hindsight bias
Which decision-making prejudice refers to a decision maker"s tendency to assess how likely miscellaneous is to occur or how closely it resembles other occasions or to adjust of events?A.Selective perception bias B.Anchoring effectC.Hindsight bias D.Representation bias E.Availability bias
Alberto is a manager that trusts his hunches when making decisions. He is an ext apt to follow his instincts than usage facts or data. This is an example of _______. A.a linear thinking styleB.the hindsight biasC.heuristics D.evidence-based management (EBMgt)E.a nonlinear reasoning style
More people will buy soil beef advertised as "80% lean" instead of "20% fat" even though the an interpretation is the same. Which decision-making prejudice does this reflect?A.Availability biasB.Framing biasC.Hindsight biasD.Confirmation biasE.Overconfidence bias
Managers that use facts, logic, and also rational thinking to overview their decisions and actions are using _______.A.a nonlinear thinking styleB.the selective perception biasC.intuitive decision makingD.a linear thinking styleE.heuristics
In making decisions, an international managers require to take into consideration the values, beliefs and attitudes of the people involved. Which guideline for effective decision making does this represent?A.Consider all obtainable and viable options.B.Know when it"s time to relocate on.C.Require only as much info and evaluation as is necessary to deal with a details dilemma.D.Decisions must not create conflicts of interest.E.Understand cultural differences.
Instead of identifying and also evaluating alternatives with logic and deductive reasoning, a manager using _______ would try to envision and also entertain new and innovative solutions to a problem.A.bounded rationalityB.big dataC.linear thinkingD.design thinking E.evidence-based management
Which the the complying with managers is using big data in decision making?A.A customer service manager examines attendance data indigenous the last 12 months.B.The room chair at a medium-sized college reviews enrollment data because that the previous 3 years to recognize what classes to offer throughout the loss semester. C.A sales manager analyzes changes in sales as a an outcome of one advertisement put in the regional newspaper.D.A large retailer offers software to adjust prices in actual time for 70+ million items based on demand and inventory.E.A supermarket analyzes customer transactions to identify how many customers used cash, how plenty of used credit cards, and also how many wrote checks.
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